2 edition of Wetlands and coal surface mining found in the catalog.
Wetlands and coal surface mining
Milady A. Cardamone
by Water Resources Research Institute, University of Kentucky in Lexington, Ky
Written in English
|Statement||by Milady A. Cardamone, Jan R. Taylor, William J. Mitsch.|
|Series||Research report / Water Resources Research Institute, University of Kentucky -- no. 154., Research report (University of Kentucky. Water Resources Institute) -- no. 154.|
|Contributions||Taylor, Jan R., Mitsch, William J., University of Louisville. Systems Science Institute., University of Kentucky. Water Resources Institute., United States. Dept. of the Interior., University of Louisville.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 99 p. :|
|Number of Pages||99|
Surface mining meant minimal danger to laborers. In addition, because the mines were small, workers and management worked alongside each other. Several attempts to organize mine workers took place in the s and s but generally had little lasting influence. Coal Before the Civil War In people began using anthracite coal to make iron. The Effects of Subsidence Resulting from Underground Bituminous Coal Mining on Surface Structures and Features and on Water Resources, to – University of Pittsburgh IX_2 IX.A – Overview The PA DEP tasked the University with analyzing of the number, type and size of wetlands undermined during the 3rd assessment period. PA DEP.
Since the Surface Mining Reclamation and Control Act of , coal operators have been responsible for reclaiming mined land. "It's a long, complex law," Wieder said, "but basically you have to. Acid mine drainage (AMD) consists of metal-laden solutions produced by the oxidative dissolution of iron sulfide minerals exposed to air, moisture, and acidophilic microbes during the mining of coal and metal deposits. The pH of AMD is usually in the range of 2–6, but mine-impacted waters at circumneutral pH (5–8) are also common.
The Surface Mine Reclamation Program (SMRP) is part of the Washington Geological Survey within the Washington Department of Natural Resources. The program was created in after the legislature created the Surface Mining Act. The SMRP makes sure that all lands and waters within the state are protected and reclaimed after mining is complete. The mission of the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) Reclamation Program is to protect the public from hazards left as a result of past coal mining practices. The primary objective of the AML Program is to reclaim surface and underground coal mine sites abandoned prior to August 3, , and that pose the highest threat to the public's health, safety.
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Alfred Whitehouse, Office of Surface Mining. Pittsburgh, PA Christopher Zabawa, EPA, Washington, DC. and coal mine drainage.
Constructed wetlands are also being used to treat petroleum refinery wastes, compost and landfill leachates, fish pond discharges, and pretreated industrial. How can coal mining affect streams and wetlands.
“Surface mining is a bigger problem than underground mining as it relates to this rule rollback because of the numbers of acres impacted and the number of stream miles that surface mining fills and degrades,” Dougherty said. Surface mining can cut into stream and wetland areas. A wetland atlas (Mitschet al.
) was developed for a km 2 region of the Western Coalfield in Kentucky to inventory the wetlands there and to present a regional assessment of coal surface mining.
Both the methodology and the results of the atlas are presented as they relate to wetland management. The atlas was designed to present the location, type, and extent of wetlands Cited by: 8. Atlas of wetlands in the principal coal surface mining region of western Kentucky.
Washington, D.C.: Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior,  (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: William J Mitsch; Eastern Energy and Land.
legal and regulatory information concerning wetland protection and surface mining of coal. Information was gathered through a search of current literature and by contact with state and federal agencies, some coal mining operations, and other concerned organizations.
A detailed listing of places to go for moreCited by: 4. The team chose an area where a longwall coal mine was planned, and took a series of samples from three naturally intact wetland systems before any mining activity started.
Surface mining for coal has dramatically altered millions of hectares throughout the Appalachian region of eastern North America. Flat benches and vertical high walls have replaced well-drained slopes, and wetlands have developed ‘accidentally’ on abandoned benches. Surface mining is continuing in this region, but new regulations do not include specifications for wetland construction in.
Surface coal mining underpins the shallow mining method to extract coal embedded in earth by removing overburden covering a coal seam. It includes strip, auger, highwall, open pit, and area mining. After mining, coal companies reclaim sites by grading, replacing topsoil, and revegetation driven by specific set of soil, air, and water quality.
Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia. Mining operations are regulated under the Clean Water Act (CWA), including discharges of pollutants to streams from valley fills (CWA Section ) and the valley fill itself where the rock and dirt is placed in streams and wetlands (CWA Section ).
But they will continue amid intense public debate, much of it centering on the standards that will govern reclamation. In this book leading authorities address the economic, environmental, and legal ramifications of land reclamation following coal surface mining, review the status of the coal industry, and look at possible future developments.
This SME classic is both a reference book for the working engineer and a textbook for the mining student. This hardcover edition gives a brief history of surface mining and a general overview of the state of surface mining today--topics range from production and productivity to technological developments and trends in equipment.
This extremely useful text takes the approach that exploration 5/5(4). On Jthe Federal District Court for the District of Columbia set aside the EPA's J Final Guidance on Improving EPA Review of Appalachian Surface Coal Mining Operations Under the Clean Water Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and the Environmental Justice Executive Order.
Coal-miner Anglo Coal's Isibonelo coal mine has a comprehensive wetland offset project to compensate for significant impact on some hillside-seep wetlands, as well as a flood plain wetland, located within the mining.
for outstanding achievement in surface mining. Coal mining creates valuable lands such as wildlife habitats, gently rolling mountain-tops, wetlands, and industrial sites where only steep, unproductive hillsides had once exist-ed. Kentucky operators have paid over $ billion into the Federal Abandoned Mine.
T ypical example s of this type of mining are the larger tonna ge coal mining operations in Mpumulanga. Favour able conditions are: Relatively thin overburden (0- 50 m maximu m otherwise stripping.
research on wetland ecological restoration of coal mining subsidence area in suzhou, china Article (PDF Available) in Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 26(08) August with Reads.
Atlas of wetlands in the principal coal surface mining region of western Kentucky. FWS/OBS 82/ By: William J. Mitsch. Tweet. Links. The Publications Warehouse does not have links to digital versions of this publication at this time Download citation as: RIS.
Coal mining can also result in a number of environmental impacts. Coal mining includes underground mining and surface mining activities. Mountain-top removal is a type of surface coal mining that involves blasting apart and removing overlying rock material to expose coal seams below that run horizontally through the mountains.
Coal mines are required to reclaim the land after mining, which generally includes regrading to approximate the original surface contour, and establishing plant cover. Ecosystem standards such as salmon habitat and wetland characteristics are not necessarily included, so the post-mining land may not have the same habitat values as the current land.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.
In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is a 'pit', and. Current conditions. Burns, Daniel. The modern practice of coal mining (); Chirons, Nicholas P. Coal Age Handbook of Coal Surface Mining () ISBN Hamilton, Michael S. Mining Environmental Policy: Comparing Indonesia and the USA (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, ).
(ISBN ).Hayes, Geoffrey. Coal Mining (), 32 pp; National Energy Information Center.This map viewer depicts the known locations of wetland and riparian plant communities, rare plants, and rare nonvascular species tracked by the Washington Natural Heritage Program (WNHP).
These data are a subset of WNHP’s database of rare species and ecosystems. Wetlands being assessed by the Washington Wetland Rating System are considered to be Wetlands of High Conservation.Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.
Surface mining began in the midth century [dubious.